Feeling sad or melancholic is an emotional condition that all people go through at many times in their life. However, when feelings such as sadness, anger, frustration, disinterest or demoralization affect the person’s daily life for a long time and, in addition, other somatic symptoms such as weight loss, lack of appetite are also experienced, sleep problems, asthenia, etc. we are facing a case of depression. It is a mood disorder that severely affects the person who suffers from it on a psychological and biological level and requires psychiatric treatment adapted to each case. In this article we show you in detail what the symptoms of depression are.
Steps to follow:
- First, it is important to distinguish what is a case of adaptive low mood from a pathological condition, such as depression. In the first (low adaptive mood), the patient may manifest some depressive symptoms, due to specific circumstances of his life, such as complicated situations in the workplace, family, economic, etc. These symptoms will gradually lessen once the stressor is gone.
- On the contrary, when it comes to a pathological condition such as depression, the patient suffers from a prolonged state of sadness, feels depressed and unable to cope with their day to day or relate to others. There are important psychic alterations, of lesser or greater severity depending on each case, which are usually accompanied by other somatic symptoms.
- Due to the complexity of the disease, specialists often rely on two manuals to diagnose depression, one published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the other by the American Psychiatric Association. In them, we find the main symptoms of depression:
- Depressive mood present in the patient most of the day, which is constantly maintained over time.
- Loss or disappearance of interest in daily activities that previously were to your liking and were enjoyable.
- Loss or decrease in the capacity for pleasure to enjoy life, as well as a considerable increase in fatigue and loss of energy.
- In addition, other mental disorders are indicated as symptoms of depression and parameters for its diagnosis. These are:
- Feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and pessimism.
- Absence of reactions to situations that do tend to generate emotional expressions in people.
- Severe decrease or lack of self-esteem, feeling of unjustified inferiority to others and total loss of self-confidence.
- Feeling of excessive and non-existent guilt, which is accompanied by constant self-reproach.
- Recurring thoughts of death and suicide, as well as sudden outbursts of anger.
- Difficulties concentrating, making decisions, and remembering.
- At the somatic level, patients suffering from depression can also experience changes and conditions such as:
- Sleep disorders, being very frequent the inability to fall asleep (insomnia) or, on the contrary, excess sleep (hypersomnia).
- Decrease or loss of appetite.
- Weight loss or gain.
- Decreased or absent sexual appetite.
- Slowness in motor functions and unjustified fatigue.
- Once we know the symptoms of depression and we have understood that it is a pathological condition, it is essential that if you suspect that you suffer from this disease, you visit a specialist to carefully review your case. A patient with depression should start a specific treatment based on drug therapy combined with therapy and psychological help as soon as possible.
This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.