Symptoms and treatment of nervous anxiety

Except for those with nerves of steel, most of us have ever felt that feeling of anxiety when you are about to enter an important job interview, face a final exam or play a major sports competition. All these situations cause nerves, tickling, sweating and muscle tension that serves to prepare your body for a possible flight or fight, which the body understands as a dangerous situation. This is completely normal and does not involve any A problem, yes, it is when it appears in completely normal situations or too frequently and so intensely that it blocks you.

In the following article we want to give you all the keys so that you can detect if you suffer from anxiety, in addition, we will talk about the treatments to overcome it. If you are interested, we recommend that you continue reading this article about the symptoms and treatment of nervous anxiety.


  1. Causes of nervous anxiety.
  2. Nervous anxiety: physical symptoms.
  3. Nervous anxiety: psychological symptoms.
  4. Nervous anxiety: treatment.
  5. Natural treatment for anxiety.

Causes of nervous anxiety.

You cannot speak of a single cause of nervous anxiety. Usually there is a genetic basis that predisposes the person, a brain, chemical and neurotransmitter structure that makes some people more likely to develop this disorder than others. Similarly, there are certain influencing environmental factors that can trigger nervous anxiety. Here we explain what the main causes of anxiety are:

  • Genetic inheritance: You are more likely to suffer from anxiety if a family member suffers from it.
  • Family environment: Growing up in an unstructured family or in a troubled family environment increases the possibilities.
  • NE transmitters in the brain: Either due to little sleep, an inadequate diet or excessive stress, these neurotransmitters are out of balance.
  • Living in a crisis situation: Such as the death of a family member, having an accident, having a child or getting divorced.
  • Suffering from stress.
  • Discontent and inability to solve certain problems in one’s life.

Nervous anxiety: physical symptoms.

Sleep disturbances.

Having problems falling asleep, waking up in the middle of the night and being unable to get back to sleep or, on the contrary, being too sleepy no matter how much you sleep, are one of the main symptoms that are linked to nervous anxiety. However, this does not mean that all cases of insomnia have to do with anxiety.

Muscle tension.

Among people who suffer from nervous anxiety, it is common for them to suffer from problems and muscle tension since, unconsciously, they tighten their muscles and maintain postures that end up being harmful. Clenching your teeth or tensing your neck muscles are one of the first symptoms to appear.

Chronic indigestion.

As we are seeing, it is quite common for anxiety to become somatized, that is, to manifest itself through physical symptoms. Surely once you have been very nervous you have noticed how your gut churned. The fact is that anxiety affects the stomach, causing digestion problems, stomach pain, abdominal bloating, gas and either constipation or diarrhea.

Compulsive behaviors.

As we will see later, repetitive and compulsive thoughts that cannot be removed from the head are one of the most common symptoms of anxiety. But sometimes they go from thinking to action, compulsive behaviors that become a kind of ritual from which we cannot escape. Counting before opening the door, repeatedly washing hands, setting patterns, etc., are actions that cause us to become overwhelmed and to have panic and discomfort.  In this article we explain how to know if a person has obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Nervous anxiety: psychological symptoms.

Stage fright.

Lots of people have a hard time speaking in public, but not all of these have nervous anxiety. What can be a symptom is to begin to anticipate situations in which you can be in front of people, try to avoid them or that fear paralyzes you.

Social phobia.

What we have just mentioned has a lot to do with social phobia, when the person begins to feel symptoms of anxiety in everyday situations of ordinary life. Social phobia should not be confused with shyness, the former is a paralyzing condition that can lead to sweating, nausea, trembling and irrational fear just for the simple idea of ​​thinking about being in public.

Panic attacks.

A panic attack could be defined as the anxious state par excellence, the symptomatology of this condition taken to the extreme at a specific moment. It is a complete alteration that causes enormous fear, especially a fear of not knowing how to control oneself and fear of the symptoms themselves. Some of the main symptoms of a panic attack are arrhythmias and palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, tightness in the chest, tingling in the extremities, and so on.


Among those who suffer from nervous anxiety, the presence of trauma is very common.  Past situations that caused some kind of impact and that are relived over and over again in a way that disturbs the person’s mood.


Perfectionism is one of the most characteristic signs of the anxious person. In a way, it can be seen as a way of self-limiting, imposing impossible limits to stop doing those things that scare you. This marked perfectionism causes the person to be constantly judging himself and, obviously, not meeting his own expectations, causing low self-esteem and increased anxiety.


Doubt is the usual state of the nervous anxiety sufferer. Logically, we all doubt at one time or another, however, in these cases the doubt becomes obsessive.

Excessive worry.

The person worries greatly about small aspects of daily life, has habitual thoughts about all the things that can go wrong, thoughts that are very difficult to forget. These fears tend to revolve around things that, in a normal situation, should not cause any kind of fear, or at least not to the disabling degree that they do.

Nervous anxiety: treatment.

On a medical level, the treatment that is usually prescribed in mild cases of nervous anxiety are antidepressant drugs or psychological therapy. Depending on the severity of the case, the two may also have to be combined. The therapy that is customary to carry out is the cognitive behavioral one. By this method what is tried is that the patient understands the relationship between his behavior and his thinking, so that in this way he can overcome anxiety and avoid negative thoughts. Although in many cases anxiety is chronic, the reality is that it is generally achieved enormously.

The fact that it is chronic is due to the fact that there is no medicine or remedy to cure anxiety, they simply help us to control its symptoms. The main drugs that are prescribed are:

  • Anxiolytics.
  • Beta blockers.
  • Serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

It is very important that the patient follow the guidelines set by the doctor to the letter, as poor administration of the doses or alterations in the design of the treatment can have a very negative effect.

Natural treatment for anxiety.

Infusion of linden.

For many generations, the great calming properties of this plant have been known, which makes it a fantastic remedy to alleviate those nervous and anxiety states. Taking 2 or 3 cups of linden a day can help keep your nerves at bay, yes, watch carefully do not get too calm and fall asleep.


Another plant that offers great benefits for the natural treatment of nervous anxiety is valerian. This plant, which you can take in the form of an infusion or through food supplements, has great power as a sedative, acting directly on the nervous system and making you relax very easily.

The preparation of your infusion is very simple. We just have to add a little valerian root to a bowl of boiling water and wait a few minutes for the infusions and for the water to capture all the benefits of the plant.


In recent times, the benefits of meditation for nervous anxiety and stress have become popular, especially thanks to the techniques that come from the Eastern tradition. The Yoga, Tai Chi or Reiki is a series of completely natural treatments that can become great allies in combating and controlling anxiety. These techniques advocate freeing the mind from problems and leaving tensions behind, achieving a state of relaxation and well-being that can be felt on a physical level.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


What are the effects of stress on the body?

The stress produces a stress caused by overwhelming situations that can cause adverse effects on the health of the body. Psychosomatic and psychological disorders can affect the well-being of a person who is experiencing chronic stress and cannot find the necessary tools to combat it. Learn about the effects of stress on the body in this article.

Steps to follow:

  1. Among the main effects of stress on the body is being overweight. Many people control stress through food intake, without paying attention and importance to the quality and quantity of food they consume. This effect of stress is very negative for health, as it represents a risk factor for obesity.
  2. Often insomnia manifests as one of the effects of stress on the body. The emotional tension to which a stressed person is subjected can alter the sleep schedule and even intervene in its quality. Due to the absence of restful sleep, the person may age faster, lose energy, and be sleepy.
  3. When a person is stressed, the levels of the hormone cortisol increase in their body.  Cortisol is a negative substance for the body, because in addition to turning on the alarm systems that triggers anxiety, it has the property of intervening in the appearance of diseases such as diabetes mellitus or worsening diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
  4. Another effect of stress on the body is that it weakens the immune system. Many times, stressed people cannot recover from a simple cold or they are easily infected with each new virus that is in the environment. This occurs because the defenses are low and the body cannot defend itself from every virus or bacteria that attacks it. As if that were not enough, a weak immune system can also be the cause of skin conditions such as hives, acne, hair loss, dermatitis and cold sores.
  5. Depression is undoubtedly one of the effects of stress on the body. When a person goes through a stressful situation, they often have to deal with feelings of irritability, anguish, anxiety, sadness, helplessness and many times this emotional imbalance can trigger depression.
  6. Emotions directly interfere with menstruation. When a person is stressed, they may experience irregular periods, due to the alteration of the menstrual cycle due to stress.  Delayed menstruation, vaginal discharge, short periods, missed periods, and decreased fertility are some of the ways in which stress can affect the female cycle.
  7. Also, among the effects of stress on the body are cardiovascular diseases. Stress increases blood pressure and this can cause arrhythmias, tachycardia, and over time lead to coronary complications such as a heart attack.
  8. Surely you have heard that when a person is upset someone says: “calm down, you are going to get an ulcer”. Well, this phrase is so true that stomach ulcers are one of the effects of stress on the body. It turns out that stress interferes with the digestive system by increasing stomach acid production, which is one of the main causes of stomach ulcers and upset.
  9. The stress causes loss of sexual appetite. Excess cortisol in the body reduces libido, not to mention that the stressed person does not find an emotional balance to prevent problems from affecting other areas of his life, which makes constant worry prevent the person from having the courage and the physical strength to have sex.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How to know if I have generalized anxiety disorder

The Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by excessive concern at various events and situations, making it difficult for the person to control it. The duration and intensity of this anxiety is disproportionate to the possible consequences that may arise from these feared situations. In this type of disorder, nothing in particular is feared but everything in general. The generalized anxiety disorder is more common in women than in men. Next, we will present you, how to know if I have generalized anxiety  disorder.

Steps to follow:

  1. Excessive worry. You have been experiencing great anxiety about various situations and events for more than 6 months. This involves work, family and relationship issues. For example, fear of being fired from work, fear of accidents, fear that your partner will abandon you, etc.
  2. Physical symptoms If you suffer from this disorder, it is common for you to suffer from some of the following symptoms: excessive fatigue, difficulty falling asleep, muscle tension, difficulty relaxing, gastrointestinal problems, excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat and palpitations, difficulty concentrating.
  3. Humor changes. Sudden mood swings are characteristic of this disorder. If you suffer from generalized anxiety disorder, it is common for you to feel irritated with people most of the time for no apparent reason. In these cases, it is common that the tolerance level is minimal and you tend to get angry about anything.
  4. Daily life. The anxiety and the physical symptoms that accompany it, have caused a deterioration in various aspects of your life, such as work, social, etc. It may happen that in this attempt to prevent possible negative events, you take excessive precautions that generate displeasure in others or that cause your performance to be inadequate.
  5. Generality. The concern you feel is not limited to a particular situation, but has to do with various situations or events in everyday life. Even these concerns can vary from one moment to another, adapting to the situation you are going through at that moment.
  6. Absence of triggers. People with this disorder have a history of anxiety before the disorder appeared. There is no specific trigger that justifies the presence of this disorder, although there are certain factors that favor it, such as stress.
  7. Associated disorders. In many cases, this disorder is accompanied by mood disorders, such as major depressive disorder or dysthymic disorder. It can also be associated with other anxiety disorders such as phobias, but it usually appears with stress-related disorders.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How to fight depression

For decades, depression was not taken very seriously in the medical field and even for society it was only a temporary stage of sadness. Today it is known that it is a medical condition that requires attention but sometimes the prescribed treatments are not adequate for the patient, who in parallel can combat depression by following some indications and encouraging himself to incorporate certain changes in his routine. At this article, we give you some tips to help you overcome it and move on.

Steps to follow:

  1. Depression is a medical condition that, in many cases, requires medication. This type of medication can only be prescribed by a psychiatrist, so before taking anything it is essential to consult with this specialist first or start psychological treatment, in the event that the intake of medications is required, the therapist may refer the patient to the appropriate specialist. Avoiding self-medication is essential in these cases.
  2. In addition to closely following all the recommendations of your doctor to combat depression, you can try alternative therapies that offer great results in cases of depression and anxiety such as acupuncture or laughter therapy, these options can help you to offset the negative effects of this condition and feel much more animated.
  3. Remember that in the process of recovering from this condition it is essential that the patient give his best to overcome this disorder.
  4. Staying active is vital to overcoming depression. Physical exercise helps our brain to release endorphins, hormones that improve our mood, influencing self-esteem and  reducing sadness, anxiety and irritability. Enrolling in a gym or going out every afternoon to play sports accompanied by a friend or family member that motivates us, joining physical activities, races, and even relaxing disciplines to reduce anxiety such as yoga or Pilates will help improve the perception of the environment and of ourselves.
  5. Physical activity helps to reduce that feeling of slowness that overwhelms us when we suffer from depression, increasing energy and improving our perception of the world and our mood.
  6. Practice an activity that you really enjoy and are good at, from playing soccer to knitting, any hobby that makes you feel good is suitable for fighting and overcoming depression as it will reinforce positive thinking and make you feel productive and comfortable with what you do.
  7. Do not allow the monster of negative thoughts and lack of courage to consume even what you like, give space to your hobbies so that the positive side invades your life.
  8. Avoid staying locked up at home, the busier your mind is, the less tendency you will have to feel sad or constantly think about those issues that generate depression, so dedicate yourself fully to various activities, share with your loved ones, go out, discover new places and give yourself the opportunity to meet new people.
  9. Making an effort to socialize is very important to combat depression. Although it is normal that your desire is to isolate yourself and stay alone as long as possible, this scenario will only increase your feelings of sadness and loneliness, so seeing your friends, family and going for walks where you can socialize with people is very becoming.
  10. Focus on producing positive thoughts and curbing negative ones. You may need the help of a therapist to achieve this, but it is important that you achieve it and that you understand that all these tips and recommendations can also apply to your case, feeling the desire to overcome depression is vital to really achieve it.
  11. It is also necessary to surround yourself with positive people, you must avoid that those people who transmit negativity influence you. When you are surrounded by friends, family or acquaintances, focus on positive issues and try to put aside those that cause you sadness or depression, because constantly thinking about them will only exacerbate the situation that makes you feel bad.
  12. Give an important place to the little things and think when you wake up why today is a wonderful and special day. Pleasant weather, meeting a dear friend, a joke you heard on the way to work, any little thing is a window to keep us in a good mood and away from sadness and depression. It is important and recommended that you try to sunbathe a little every day since this activity, in addition to moving away from the isolation of always being at home, will help you release serotonin, a neurotransmitter that improves our mood.
  13. Take advantage of the power of music: when you feel sad and down, when you think that depression will knock on your door, put the songs that make you smile, those with which you feel like dancing, let yourself be infected by the music and while you listen to them open your mind to any thought that makes you happy. Turn this into a ritual of happiness.
  14. An important percentage necessary to combat depression resides in you, in your desires, in the energy that you dedicate to get out of this stage and move towards a calmer and happier path, so experience all the alternatives that we suggest and keep your mind open to change and good energy.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


  • If after trying these alternatives you cannot overcome depression, consult a specialist

How to recognize an anxiety attack

The anxiety disorder is the association of feelings of fear, worry and stress in extreme situations cause the onset of an acute clinic that makes sense to oneself and to the environment serious health situation. Anxiety is more common in women than in men and its origin may be genetic or due to the appearance of a factor that causes stress panic in the person. In this article, we want to help you recognize an anxiety crisis and therefore we offer you the following information.

Steps to follow:

  1. The most striking symptom is rapid breathing, the person feels short of breath, shows a feeling of suffocation and breathes very quickly only through the mouth.  Do not worry, respiratory distress does not have any serious pathophysiological origin, in this situation you have to remind the person to breathe in through the nose and expire through the mouth in a slower and slower way.
  2. During the anxiety crisis the person may feel that the heart is racing very fast and by putting the hand on his left chest the pulsation can be felt. The person in crisis may feel a slight tightness in the chest due to the stress of the thoracic muscles during the respiratory distress.
  3. If you try to take the pulse manually, you will notice an increase in heart rate (tachycardia). During a stressful process where respiration is not normal, the heart increases its work due to respiratory decompensation. The heartbeat will return to normal when the crisis has subsided.
  4. The energy expenditure during rapid breaths and the feeling of anxiety can produce sensations such as sweating, increased temperature (hot flashes), tremors, chills  and dizziness.
  5. Associated with and with less acute characteristics the person may: feel that it is difficult to swallow food and liquids, have diarrhea and an imminent sensation of urinating immediately.
  6. It will be important to remain calm to calm the anxiety attack, as well as knowing what the treatment for the anxiety attack is to know how to act if it occurs.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How to know if I suffer from overwork stress

For many people, feeling work stress on a daily basis is normal, a situation that is part of any job. But in reality, this is not true, there are jobs or work environments in which stress and task overload are encouraged in employees, which results in a staff that in the        medium term will manifest various health problems. How do you know if you suffer from stress due to overwork? At this article, we give you some clues.

Steps to follow:

  1. How have you been feeling lately? It seems like a vague question but it isn’t. If you feel irritated for no reason, sensitive and notice that anything bothers you then it is very likely that you are experiencing a stress picture that you have not identified, ask yourself if it is due to your job.
  2. Those who suffer from a lot of pressure and overwork also experience signs of depression: sadness, apathy, exhaustion. If you are living it, it may be a good time for you to rest and take a short vacation.
  3. Our weight is also a great indicator of the stress that we suffer, especially at work: if in recent months you have gained or lost too much, it may be because you are not eating well as a result of anxiety and excess tasks.
  4. Do you drink enough water? How often do you go to the bathroom to urinate? It seems an unusual question, but if you don’t even have time to drink water at work, besides being counterproductive for your skin and organs, your energy levels are lower and you feel fatigued more easily so remember to consume at least 2 liters a day and you will notice the difference.
  5. The heart also gives alarm signals. When you wake up and total rest measures your pulse, it should be between 60 and 90 Latinos per minute, if it exceeds this figure it means that you are stressed, that you have not slept well at night or both.
  6. Stress from overwork significantly affects our body and mind so it is necessary to be aware of the situation and try to combat it. A good way to do it is practicing some physical activity every day to get moving and drain tension.
  7. Drink lots of water, eat properly, take your time to eat, and try to manage the stress – not always when we get upset it’s worth it. It is better to resolve the conflict properly than to stress, block yourself and not be able to solve the problem properly.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How to know if I have depression

Many times, when we are sad, we tend to say that we are depressed. This confusion of terms has made people think that any situation that causes us to be low in spirits is a depression. But while sadness is a fleeting feeling, depression is a more complex and profound condition produced by different factors, including an alteration in the production of certain substances by our brain. So how do you know if you have depression? in this article, we explain it to you in detail.

Steps to follow:

  1. The sadness is characterized as a temporary state that occurs in response to any kind of grief or situation before us is not pleasant, such as job loss, death of a loved one, the end of a relationship etc.
  2. For its part, depression is a clinical condition characterized by deep sadness that prevents us from enjoying our day to day life and the situations that occur to us. This is accompanied by various psychic alterations of medium or significant complexity depending on the case of each patient.
  3. Depressed people present a significant decrease in the levels of enjoyment of their environment and the experiences that occur to them. The things that happen to them are no longer pleasant or pleasant, and can create an environment of negativity in their environment. This is one of the main symptoms of depression. Sadness is a temporary state in which our mood can alternate. There are times when we cry, but as we get over the duel this scenario improves.
  4. People who suffer from depression feel sad and cry very frequently, with symptoms that can occur daily or very frequently, either for a few moments or, in more severe cases, most of the day.
  5. Another characteristic of depression is the alteration in sleep patterns. Depressed people can spend many hours sleeping or, on the contrary, have frequent episodes of insomnia in which rest becomes difficult. This symptom can exacerbate the condition, making sadness worse.
  6. All of the above symptoms make depressed people feel weak, with little energy and minimal desire to carry out activities or undertake new projects. This condition leads to important behavioral changes in which the patient does not recognize himself, finding himself as a very different person from who he was before feeling depressed. In more severe cases, feelings such as wishes to die or suicidal thoughts may occur. Although people often confuse sadness with depression, it is true that sadness if it lasts for a long time could turn into depression.
  7. If a person who faces a grief or sudden change in his life, spends more than two continuous weeks crying frequently and for a long time, with negative thoughts, weakness, little interest in his surroundings, sleep disturbances or lack of enthusiasm of any kind, could be entering a depressive picture.
  8. While it is true that there are many ways to combat depression, it is important to understand that it is a psychiatric condition, so only a professional in the field can diagnose depression and apply the appropriate treatment.
  9. Depression is also a symptom of various diseases, which is why it is so important to carry out an evaluation to apply the appropriate treatment as the case may be. If you suspect that you suffer from depression, we recommend you consult a specialist.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How do I know if I have to go to the psychologist or psychiatrist?

When it comes to mental health there is a question that usually manifests itself on a recurring basis: should I go to a psychologist or a psychiatrist? You know that something is wrong and you feel the need to turn to a specialist, but not everyone is clear about the difference between these two professions and in which cases it is appropriate to resort to one or the other. This is why we explain in detail how to know if you have to go to the psychologist or psychiatrist as well as the difference between the two professions.


  1. Difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist.
  2. What to consider when choosing?
  3. When to go to the psychologist?
  4. When to go to the psychiatrist?

Difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist.

Before even thinking about going to a medical consultation with any of these professionals, it is essential to know the difference between the two in order to take the right step.

  • The psychology is the science responsible for the study of perceptions, sensations and mental processes of human beings regarding their social and environmental surroundings. For its part, psychiatry is a branch of medicine in charge of the study, diagnosis and treatment of psychic or mental disorders.
  • Based on this, the difference is very clear: psychiatrists are doctors and therefore, in addition to diagnosing, they can initiate drug treatment by prescribing the use of various medications. Psychologists for their part cannot legally prescribe any type of drug and if they suspect that the patient’s condition may require it, they should immediately refer him to a psychiatrist.
  • Psychologists carry out consultations and diagnoses based mainly on the behavior and emotions of the individual; therefore, their goal is to help the patient overcome those situations that affect him, trying to obtain the best mental and emotional well-being. For his part, the psychiatrist has a medical approach based on the analysis of the organic aspects that can lead to a mental disorder, his goal is to reduce the symptoms and improve the patient’s life through treatment and appropriate medication.
  • Although there are differences, there are many cases in which both professionals must work together, for example when a patient suffers from depression requiring both guidance to overcome their problem and medication to combat the condition.

What to consider when choosing?

Knowing if you should go to a psychologist, a psychiatrist or simply your family doctor is not always so clear, because sometimes it is important to carry out a complete physical examination to determine if the problem could be emotional, mental or physical. The best thing is that if you feel that something is not going well, you visit your family doctor first.  This specialist, evaluating your medical history and the information you provide, will be able to tell you which alternative is the most appropriate.

There are some cases in which the patient may need both specialists, for example in the case of suffering from depression, severe anxiety or bipolar disorder. Despite them there are certain signs that can tell us which of these professionals to choose and we will explain them to you below.

When to go to the psychologist?

There are some situations or signs that may show the need to consult a psychologist, some of them are:

  • Having gone through a traumatic situation that generates emotional discomfort.
  • Have eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia.
  • Suffering from intense and constant sadness or have frequent negative thoughts.
  • Having suicidal or very defeatist thoughts.
  • Facing a process in which you want to overcome an addiction, a situation that requires the help of a specialist.
  • In the face of any significant emotional lack of control such as excessive stress, difficulty controlling emotions, frequent nervousness, attacks of anger, etc.

When to go to the psychiatrist?

There are also signs or conditions that may reveal the need to visit a psychiatrist, some of them are:

  • Severe depression.
  • Very pronounced anxiety.
  • Frequent panic attacks.
  • Suspicion of a mental illness or disorder such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dementia, psychosis among others.
  • Provided that after previously consulting a doctor or psychologist you are referred to this specialist.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


How to recognize a major depressive episode

The major depressive episode is characterized by a depressed mood accompanied by a lack of interest in activities and situations in general. Unlike depressive disorder, the major depressive episode lasts approximately 2 weeks, during which time the person experiences a series of symptoms that accompany this depressed state. These symptoms include changes in appetite or weight, sleep disturbances, as well as loss of energy, feelings of guilt, low self-esteem, difficulty thinking, concentrating, and thoughts related to death or suicidal ideas (many of which can be carried out). Next, we will introduce you to how to detect a major depressive episode.

Steps to follow:

  1. Mood. The person who goes through a major depressive episode feels sad, discouraged throughout the day. At first, this change in attitude is not detected by the person, but as the days go by, it becomes more and more evident. Irritability is also one of the most frequent feelings in these cases. The change in mood is also evident through the person’s facial expression and behavior, which at all times transmits reluctance.
  2. Duration. The major depressive episode has a duration that varies, but does not usually last more than 4 months. Its onset is usually gradual, that is, the symptoms begin to appear as the days go by. Once overcome, the symptoms tend to disappear completely and the person usually returns to his usual state before the episode.
  3. Loss of interest. Those activities that used to give you pleasure have now ceased to interest you. Work, sports, hobbies, even sexual behavior has decreased significantly.  The person feels appeased and cannot experience pleasure from those activities that previously interested and fulfilled him. This behavior is usually noticed in the first place, by relatives or close friends, who see how the person gradually isolates himself and abandons his interests.
  4. Decreased or increased appetite. The most common in these cases is that there is a notable decrease in appetite that is reflected in a significant loss of weight. In the most serious cases, hospitalization is often necessary to avoid serious consequences.  However, the person may noticeably gain weight and show an almost compulsive eating behavior. In these cases, it is usually an increase in sweets and junk food.
  5. Sleep disturbance. It is mainly characterized by insomnia. But not in all cases there is a lack of sleep but in some cases, less frequent, there is an excess of the need to sleep. In the case of insomnia, it is common to have difficulty falling asleep and maintaining it throughout the night, which is why you usually wake up several times during the night or wake up earlier than usual. In the case of hypersomnia (excessive need to sleep), the person usually sleeps long hours during the day.
  6. Psychomotor changes. Here what is called agitation or slowing can occur. In the case of agitation, the person is in continuous movement, cannot remain seated or still. On the contrary, when their behavior is characterized by slowing down, the person acts, responds and thinks slowly, so they appear to be in slow motion.
  7. Lack of energy. It is common for a person who goes through a major depressive episode to experience tiredness and fatigue, in the absence of activities that justify it.  This lack of energy is reflected in everyday tasks like work or extracurricular activities.  This fact inevitably affects the social, family and work life of the person.
  8. Guilty feeling. It has to do with a misinterpretation of facts or events generated in the past today. The person tends to blame himself for facts that are out of his reach or tends to exaggerate situations in order to reinforce his feeling. In this way, in addition to being guilty, they feel useless for not being able to change the situation.
  9. Decreased ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions. This symptom is usually reflected mainly in the work and academic environment. In these cases, the person due to said decrease suffers a significant decrease in performance. If the major depressive episode is treated quickly and successfully, these symptoms tend to disappear quickly.
  10. Thoughts related to death. The thoughts that exist around this subject are varied. They can range from simple ideas to attempts at self-elimination. It is very important to keep this symptom in mind due to the consequences that it entails. Those who go through a major depressive episode can, in the most serious cases, plan their suicide and even carry it out.
  11. Absence of medical illness. It is important to be able to distinguish the major depressive episode from a secondary symptom of another medical condition or disorder. That is why it is extremely important to consult a specialist doctor to be able to rule out such diagnoses.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.


Living with a person with depression

Having depression is hard enough for the affected person, but it is also hard for the people who live with it. Sometimes it is difficult to be impervious to that spirit that is breathed by your side, or we want to support and help you and we do not know in what way. Depression requires professional treatment and those same professionals can guide us on how to accompany them in life. However, from now on, we can put into practice some tips to make living together better. If you have ever wondered how to live with a person with depression, in this article we will tell you everything.


  1. What is depression?
  2. How to help a depressed person?
  3. How to act with a depressed person: coexistence?

What is depression?

To begin with, it is important to clarify that sadness is not depression. We all experience better periods and worse periods. Sometimes we are sad for longer than usual, but that is not why we are depressed.

Although it must be a psychologist or a psychiatrist who diagnoses whether or not you have depression, there are some symptoms that characterize it if they happen for a long time:

  • Sadness and melancholy.
  • Irritable mood.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Appetite disorders.
  • Tiredness and lack of energy.
  • Catastrophic thoughts and sometimes about death or suicide.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Feelings of guilt, extremely low self-esteem.
  • Feelings of hopelessness.
  • Difficulty maintaining social relationships or doing activities that you previously enjoyed.

How to help a depressed person?

The main way to help a person with depression is to encourage them to go for a consultation for a proper diagnosis. In that consultation, if necessary, they will prescribe the medication you need.

Another way to help you is not to judge and just be there, offering support and listening, without allowing excessive recreation in your negative thoughts.

Taking care of your diet and personal appearance are two basic pillars, as well as exercising. Simply walking helps change mental and body dynamics.

How to act with a depressed person: coexistence?

It is essential in living with a person with depression to understand that it is a disease.  It’s not just a bad time, it needs treatment. Sometimes we can think that the person is normal, but has become complaining or pessimistic. That is, it is important, no matter how annoying your attitude may be, to understand that it comes from an illness that does not allow you to act otherwise without help and enormous effort.

On the other hand, we must understand that, no matter how much it affects us, the person who suffers from depression is suffering the most, so we must be patient and understanding.

However, although we are clear that this person is upset, he is not himself, and we support him, we must find spaces of freedom to evade and not think about this problem.  Dedicating enough hours to the activities that we like without the company of this person is essential.

On the other hand, one of the best things we can do with this person, to improve their condition and our coexistence is to learn to be empathetic. We must practice active listening, without interrupting, listening to understand, not to answer. It is important to allow him to vent, making him feel a valuable person, worthy of being listened to, without interrupting or advising, much less belittling his feelings. After this, a good alternative is to encourage the person to do some pleasant activity, alone or with someone. If you don’t want to, you can try to negotiate, for example, if you don’t want to go play a sport, you might want to walk.

Something basic in living with a person with depression is understanding what can and cannot be contributed. In other words, the person who lives with someone who has depression is not responsible for achieving a cure. This responsibility belongs to the patient himself and to the specialists who are treating him.

Finally, one must allow oneself to be exhausted, angry, sad, hopeless. We can feel all of this without feeling, in addition, guilt.

This article is merely informative, we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.